Estonia is a small, low, flat country located almost northeast of continental Europe. The country is surrounded by water and only in the south and southeast and a little in the northeast it has a land border with Russia and Lithuania. The country has a temperate climate with four seasons. The average temperature varies from 16 degrees Celsius in the Baltic Islands to 17 degrees Celsius in July, the warmest month. In the coldest month, February, the temperature varies from minus 3.5 degrees Celsius in the Baltic Islands to minus 7.5 degrees.
Introducing the country of Estonia
Geography of Estonia
و کشوراستونی Estonia’s temperate and humid climates vary widely in similar latitudes in eastern Russia. It is located in the path of air masses caused by cyclic winds located in the North Atlantic Ocean, transporting warm air in winter and cool air in summer. This situation is milder in the northern and western coastal areas than inland, while the eastern and southeastern regions have a more continental climate.
Combined forests with about 90 native species of trees and shrubs cover almost half of the country’s territory. Most of these trees are made of pine and a few of them are made of oak and maple. It is not bad to know that Scottish pine is the most common native tree of this land. Swamps and marshes, where about a quarter of Estonia’s 1,500 plant species are found, cover a large part of the country. In the case of animals, 60 species of mammals are found in the area. . Animals such as red deer and wild boar. In the depths of the northeastern forests you can also find bears and lynx. You will also find animals such as foxes and rabbits along the rivers.
Indigenous groups and tribes of Estonia
Compared to other European countries, Estonia It accounts for a large percentage of the country’s foreign-born population and their children. Only two-thirds of the country is made up of indigenous tribes. Russians are its most important minority, making up about a quarter of its citizens. Other important ethnic minorities in the country are Ukrainians, Belarusians and Finns.
There are many regional ethnic and linguistic differences between the country’s indigenous peoples. for example: Southeastern Estonian satos have a distinct dialect from Estonian and are part of an Eastern orthodox religious tradition. While the inhabitants of the Mohawk Islands in the West also have their own dialect and in some cultures and traditions are shared with the Scandinavian people.
Health and welfare situation in Estonia
In Estonia you can use two types of health care systems: استونی : Private and public. The health insurance system in Estonia covers all people. In fact, it should be said that the health and care system in this country covers all people and is equally available to everyone in all parts of the country.
In the past Estonia It was an industrial country with low agricultural yields. Industry and agriculture are important components of the independent Estonian economy, but their share of GDP and labor has declined. Meanwhile, the trade and service industry have grown. The country’s economy experienced an initial recession during the transition to a market economy, which was accompanied by declining production, inflation and unemployment. But it grew again in the mid-1990s and saw progress over the next decade. In addition, the Estonian economy should be considered one of the most liberal economies in Europe. Benefiting from a balanced national budget, flat income tax and very low customs tariffs are its most prominent features.
The language of the Estonian people
Estonian is the official language of the country and a member of the Finno-Uric branch of the Uralic language family. More than two-thirds of the country’s population speak this language and it is one of their first languages.
Study in Estonia
Eastern European countries are one of the best and safest places to spend higher education. These countries are very famous for their university courses in digital technology and networking. Similarly, Estonia has been a pioneer in the fields of e-ID cards, e-government systems, e-health, e-learning and e-parking.
Estonian university education is recognized all over the world and its graduates’ certificates are accepted all over the world. The higher education system of this country is also completely updated with the top universities in the world. There are usually 15 public universities and 9 private universities in this country. English is widely used in these universities and the universities of this country offer a wide variety of English language teaching systems.
The official religion of Estonia
There is no official religion in Estonia and many people are either secular or secular. However, the Christian majority in the country includes illicit Christians, as well as Lutheran and Eastern Orthodox evangelical communities. A small number are Roman Baptists, Methodists, and Catholics.
Working situation in Estonia
In 2017, the average monthly income in this country was 1221 Euros. In the first quarter of 2018, the average monthly salary was at its highest level for financial and insurance, energy, information and communication jobs. For example, if you were leading a software team, you could expect a monthly income of € 3662.
But normally a person working in Estonia has an average monthly income of 16802 exceptional Estonians.ر کشوراستونی This average salary includes expenses such as housing, transportation and other benefits.
The lowest paid people in Estonia have a minimum income of 8584 exceptional Estonians and the highest income for the highest paid people is around 74403 exceptional Estonians.
The working situation in this country is such that people work eight hours a day, five days a week. The job situation varies depending on the type of sector in which people work. This means that in some companies bosses are stricter than working hours, and in some places the choice of working hours is the responsibility of the employees themselves.
The annual holiday is 28 days, and according to the law of this country, people must use 14 days of this holiday in a row. In addition, public holidays in this country are ten days.
According to 2019 statistics, living costs and rental rates in Estonia are higher than in Iran; So that the costs increase up to 29% and the rental rate up to 11% compared to Iran.استونی . However, the cost of living in Estonia is lower and more bearable than in other European countries. Public feedback from foreigners who have spent some time in the country shows that the living conditions in Estonia are similar to those in Western Europe. In other words, the cost of living in Estonia depends on the choice of housing, lifestyle and cost patterns.
It is not bad to know that the average cost of living for a student is between 300 and 500 Euros.